انگلیسی برای همه

زمان آینده کامل استمراری

Future Perfect Progressive

(Future Perfect Continous)

زمان آینده کامل استمراری

موقعی به کار می رود که می خواهید بگویید یا بدانید تا چقدر یک کاری در یک زمانی در آینده در حال انجام بوده. البته آن عمل قبل از آن تاریخ که در آینده بررسی می شود شروع گردیده و بعد از آن زمان که در موردش صحبت می کنیم هم یا ادامه خواهد داشت و یا نخواهد داشت


By the year 2030, people will have been using this site for 24 years.

- At 10 o'clock I will have been working for 5 hours.

I will have been working here for ten years next week.

You will only have been waiting for a few minutes when her plane arrives.
You are only going to have been waiting for a few minutes when her plane arrives.

* They will have been talking for over an hour by the time Thomas arrives.
* She is going to have been working at that company for three years when it finally closes.
* James will have been teaching at the university for more than a year by the time he leaves for Asia.
* How long will you have been studying when you graduate?
* We are going to have been driving for over three days straight when we get to Anchorage.
* A: When you finish your English course, will you have been living in New Zealand for over a year?

B: No, I will not have been living here that long.

 

طرز ساختن آینده کامل استمراری:

این زمان را با آینده کامل، فعل to be و شکل ing هر فعل ساخته می شود.

[will have been + present participle]

یا

[am/is/are + going to have been + present participle]

* You will have been waiting for more than two hours when her plane finally arrives.
* Will you have been waiting for more than two hours when her plane finally arrives?
* You will not have been waiting for more than two hours when her plane finally arrives.

* You are going to have been waiting for more than two hours when her plane finally arrives.
* Are you going to have been waiting for more than two hours when her plane finally arrives?
* You are not going to have been waiting for more than two hours when her plane finally arrives.

 

طرز منفی سوالی کردن آینده کامل استمراری:

با کلمه not بعد از افعال کمکی shall و will منفی شده و اگر دو فعل کمکی shall و یا will را به ابتدای جمله بیاوریم سوالی می شود.

 

تذکر:

علامت مشخصه این زمان در اینگلیسی این است که قبل از قید زمان آینده حرف اضافه by و قبل از طول مدت انجام کار حرف اضافه for به کار می رود.

By the year 2053, man will have been flying for 300 years.

By the time they arrive, we will have been waiting for 4 hours!

John will have been studying for 6 years by the time he finishes his exam.

 

این زمان معمولا اصطلاح by the time  را که به معنی before that time هست را دارد.

 

نکته:

بعضی افعال نمی توانند ing بگیرند

know     understand     owe     possess     be
have*     belong     contain     equal     resemble
tend     perceive     suppose     believe     decide
conclude     prefer     love     like     seem

* have به معنای مالکیت

I have a car

 بنابراین به جای آینده کامل استمراری آن ها را در آینده کامل استفاده می نماییم

By the time I retire in 2025, I will have been knowing you for 36 years.
By the time I retire in 2025, I will have known you for 36 years.

 نکته:

بعضی از افعال هم در هر دو زمان آینده کامل استمراری و آینده کامل یک معنا دارند.

progressive    

By 2010, I will have been living in San Francisco for 20 years.

same meaning


future perfect    

By 2010, I will have lived in San Francisco for 20 years.

 

   + بهار ; ٤:٤۸ ‎ب.ظ ; ۱۳٩٠/۱۱/۱
comment نظرات ()