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ترکیب دو جمله بوسیله (neither, nor, either, or)

جملاتی که دارای فاعل یکسان هستند بوسیله کلمات or، either و یا nor،  neither به هم ربط داده یا ترکیب شوند، بدین ترتیب که قسمتهای مشترک در هر دو جمله را ابتدا نوشته و سپس کلمه ی either و سپس ادامه جمله اول را نوشته و قسمت مشترک در جمله دوم را حذف کرده و کلمه or را آورده و بعد جمله دوم را نوشته البته برای هر دو جمله مثبت و انجام کار مثبت در دو جمله از کلمات or و either و برای انجام ندادن هیچ کدام از دو جمله و به عبارتی برای ترکیب دو جمله منفی (در عمل) از کلمات nor و neither استفاده کرد.

 


either this or that   
you can either pay now or later   
either come to the capital as servant / or prepare for war

 

 

 

I could neither laugh nor cry   
he neither smokes nor drinks   
neither here nor there  



USAGE

Either … or and neither … nor are usually followed by a plural pronoun and plural verb, except in formal writing: If either David or Janet come, they will want a drink. In formal English this would be: If either David or Janet comes, he or she will want a drink.


تذکر مهم:


اگر بعد از neither، nor ، either ، or فاعل مفرد بکار رود همیشه فعل آن جمله به صورت مفرد خواهد بود و اگر فاعل جمع باشد فعل آن فعل آن بصورت جمع خواهد بود.

Neither Spanish nor Japanese will be offered at this college.
I study either at home or in the library.
Neither Ali nor Maryam can come.
Neither cake nor rice are ready yet.
You can either come with us or stay here alone.
I’m going to buy either a camera or CD player with the money.
He neither speaks nor hears.
He is either our friend or our enemy.
Babak’s room is neither big nor small.
I think they are either Persian or Arab.
She neither knew nor cared what had happened to him.
Either he could not come or he didn’t want to.
Neither the TV nor the video actually work/works.
Either the library or bookstores have current magazine.
Either bookstores or the library has current magazine.
Neither the book nor the magazines discuss this issue.
Neither the magazines nor the book discusses this issue.
Either Kay or I am going to the library this morning.
Neither the twins nor he is planning to go to the library.
Obviously, neither she nor they are interested in that subject.
Either gender differences or cultural incompatibility explains disagreement in many cases.
Neither husband nor wife wants to be isolated.

   + بهار ; ٢:٢٢ ‎ب.ظ ; ۱۳٩٠/۱٠/۱٢
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